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What Two Countries Were Involved In The Gentlemen`s Agreement

How does President Roosevelt propose that both countries avoid „constant friction“? A gentlemen`s agreement or gentleman`s agreement is an informal, non-legally binding agreement between two or more parties. It is usually oral, but it can be written or simply understood as part of a tacit agreement by convention or mutually beneficial label. The essence of a gentlemen`s agreement is that it relies on the honor of the parties for its fulfillment, rather than being enforceable in any way. It is different from a legal agreement or contract. After the immigration issue was temporarily resolved, the two countries met to give mutual assurances about their territories and interests in East Asia. In 1908, U.S. Secretary of State Elihu Root and Japanese Ambassador Takahira Kogoro reached an agreement in which Japan promised to respect the United States. territorial possessions in the Pacific, its open door policy in China, and the limitation of immigration to the United States, as set out in the gentlemen`s agreement. The Japanese government diverted its migrant workers to its assets in Manchuria, claiming that they did not belong to China. The United States, for its part, recognized Japanese control of Taiwan and the Pescadores, as well as Japan`s special interest in Manchuria. By repeating the position of each country in the region, the Root-Takahira agreement served to reduce the risk of misunderstanding or war between the two nations. On the west coast, intense anti-Japanese sentiment developed.

U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt did not want to upset Japan by passing laws banning Japanese immigration to the United States, as had happened with Chinese immigration. Instead, there was an informal „gentlemen`s agreement“ (1907-8) between the United States and Japan, with Japan ensuring that there was very little or no movement to the United States. The agreements were reached by US Secretary of State Elihu Root and Japanese Foreign Minister Tadasu Hayashi. The agreement prohibited the emigration of Japanese workers to the United States and repealed the segregation order of the San Francisco School Board in California, which had humiliated and angered the Japanese. The agreement did not apply to the territory of Hawaii, which at the time was treated as separate and separate from the United States. .